Archives: Fichas

Metastatic Renal Carcinoma By RAEU

Renal cell carcinoma  accounts for approximately 2-3% of all adult malignancies worldwide. Clear cell renal cell carcinoma is the most common histologic subtype. Over 20% of patients are primarily diagnosed at the metastatic stage, and over 30% suffer metastasis after surgery. Do you want to know more about disease management of metastatic renal carcinoma? Don’t …

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Bladder cancer, basics By MªJosé Ribal

Bladder cancer is the fourth most commonly occurring cancer in men. Caucasians are more likely to be diagnosed with bladder cancer than African Americans or Hispanic Americans. The American Cancer Society estimates about 83,700 new cases (about 64,280 in men and 19,450 in women) for bladder cancer in the United States for 2021. Bladder cancer occurs mainly in older people: about …

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Cryptorchidism is the absence of one or both testes from the scrotum and is one of the most common congenital malformations of male neonates. The treatment of choice for undescended testis is a surgical replacement in the scrotum and the earlier the treatment, the lower the risk of impaired fertility and testicular cancer. The palpable testis …

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Premature ejaculation

Premature ejaculation is the most common sexual problem for men, affecting 30% to 40% of them.  It is a lack of control over ejaculation so that it often happens sooner than the man or his partner wants, causing distress for one or both partners. The causes of primary premature ejaculation are often psychological, such as having …

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Active surveillance in prostate cancer By RAEU

Active Surveillance aims to avoid unnecessary treatment in men with clinically localized prostate cancer who do not require immediate treatment. In this Urology Cheat Sheet, we review most important aspects, inclusion/exclusion criteria and the recommended follow up.

Robotic surgery, basics

Robotic surgery, the latest development in minimally invasive surgery, allows the surgical field to be expanded up to 10 times with high resolution and eliminates surgeon’s hand tremors. Thanks to this, we can perform safer and more precise manoeuvres. This technique has important advantages for patients, such as a lower risk of infection, less postoperative …

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Adrenal pathology by RAEU

The adrenals are paired glands that lie in the retroperitoneum and have a close anatomical relationship to the kidneys but have a different embryological origin. Each gland has two zones: cortex and medulla, which act as separate entities. The adrenals are affected by various pathologic conditions, including congenital abnormalities, hypofunction, nodular enlargement, hyperplasia, and malignant …

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Urinary incontinence By RAEU

Urinary incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine. It is a common and distressing problem, which may have a large impact on quality of life. Performing a good differential diagnosis is key to establish an adequate therapeutic approach.

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